Who Is Eligible to Participate in an IPO?

Who Is Eligible to Participate in an IPO?

If you’ve ever wanted to buy shares in a company going public, knowing the rules about who can participate is essential. This article covers the major players, retail investors, broker-dealers, and institutional investors and discusses if these groups are eligible for IPOs to buy.

Retail investors

The term “retail investor” refers to any individual who is not an accredited investor. Retail investors can be individuals, trusts, estates, and specific tax-exempt organizations. While there are limits on how much money each person can invest in a single IPO, and there are investment limits for some types of companies, retail investors can still participate in an IPO if they have enough money to meet those requirements.

Retail investors have access to mutual funds or other professionally managed investments that allow them to invest without having an individual stock portfolio or income sufficient enough to meet the accreditation requirements listed above.


Broker-dealers are the ones who help organize an IPO, and they can be found on Wall Street. This type of firm helps you buy or sell a stock, but it will also be involved in organizing an IPO. Brokers must have a license from the SEC to be eligible to participate in an IPO by acting as underwriters for their clients.

Institutional investors

You can be a private individual who wants to buy shares in an IPO. You don’t need any special permissions or qualifications. But you will have to pay the initial share price if you want to buy them.

You can also be an institution that wants to invest in an IPO, such as a bank or fund manager. All institutional investors must register with us before they can trade shares of companies on our exchange and are subject to minimum trading amounts and other requirements before they may trade on behalf of their clients with us.

Small investors

If you are interested in investing in an IPO, the first thing to do is consider whether or not you meet the minimum requirements for investing. If you don’t meet those requirements, then it’s likely that the company will not allow you to buy shares of its stock.

For example, let’s say that a new tech company is going public and opening up its stock for purchase by investors like yourself. As part of this process, if it were able to sell its shares publicly and make money from selling them off quickly, then more people would be able to buy into its offerings. However, there might be certain restrictions on who can participate in these transactions based on their income level or net worth status at a given time. 

“Traditionally, access to IPOs before they’re traded on the public market has been reserved for large institutional investors,’ advises SoFi experts. 

This is often referred to as “the wealthy” being excluded from such deals because they don’t have enough money compared to other groups within society such as retirees with pensions which would allow them to access instead based solely on circumstance.

Most companies that go public have raised much capital from private investors before their IPO. This means they are not necessarily looking for new investors and may have no need for additional funding. So if you’re interested in investing in an IPO, it’s essential to consider all these factors before jumping into action.


Jenny Wilson

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